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Environment Variables

Appwrite environment variables allow you to edit your server setup configuration and customize it. You can easily change the environment variables by changing them when running Appwrite using Docker CLI or Docker-Compose.

Updating your Appwrite environment variables requires you to edit your Appwrite docker-compose.yml file. Your docker-compose.yml file should be located inside the appwrite folder at the location where you first run the Appwrite installation script.

After editing your docker-compose.yml file, you will need to restart your Appwrite stack by running the following compose command in your terminal:

docker-compose up -d

All Options:

General

Name Description
_APP_ENV Set your server running environment. By default, the var is set to 'development'. When deploying to production, change it to: 'production'.
_APP_DOMAIN

Your Appwrite domain address. When setting a public suffix domain, Appwrite will attempt to issue a valid SSL certificate automatically. When used with a dev domain, Appwrite will assign a self-signed SSL certificate. The default value is 'localhost'.

_APP_DOMAIN_TARGET

A DNS A record hostname to serve as a CNAME target for your Appwrite custom domains. You can use the same value as used for the Appwrite '_APP_DOMAIN' variable. The default value is 'localhost'.

_APP_OPTIONS_ABUSE Allows you to disable abuse checks and API rate limiting. By default, set to 'enabled'. To cancel the abuse checking, set to 'disabled'. It is not recommended to disable this check-in a production environment.
_APP_OPTIONS_FORCE_HTTPS

version >= 0.7

Allows you to force HTTPS connection to your API. This feature redirects any HTTP call to HTTPS and adds the 'Strict-Transport-Security' header to all HTTP responses. By default, set to 'disabled'. To enable, set to 'enabled'. This feature will work only when your ports are set to default 80 and 443.
_APP_OPENSSL_KEY_V1 This is your server private secret key that is used to encrypt all sensitive data on your server. Appwrite server encrypts all secret data on your server like webhooks, HTTP passwords, user sessions, and storage files. The var is not set by default, if you wish to take advantage of Appwrite encryption capabilities you should change it and make sure to keep it a secret and have a backup for it.
_APP_CONSOLE_WHITELIST_EMAILS This option allows you to limit creation of users to Appwrite console. This option is very useful for small teams or sole developers. To enable it, pass a list of allowed email addresses separated by a comma.
_APP_CONSOLE_WHITELIST_DOMAINS

This option allows you to limit creation of users to Appwrite console for users sharing the same email domains. This option is very useful for team working with company emails domain.

To enable this option, pass a list of allowed email domains separated by a comma.

_APP_CONSOLE_WHITELIST_IPS

This last option allows you to limit creation of users in Appwrite console for users sharing the same set of IP addresses. This option is very useful for team working with a VPN service or a company IP.

To enable/activate this option, pass a list of allowed IP addresses separated by a comma.

Redis Server

Appwrite uses a Redis server for managing cache, queues and scheduled tasks. The Redis env vars are used to allow Appwrite server to connect to the Redis container.

Name Description
_APP_REDIS_HOST Redis server hostname address. Default value is: 'redis'
_APP_REDIS_PORT Redis server TCP port. Default value is: '6379'

MariaDB Server

Appwrite is using a MariaDB server for managing persistent database data. The MariaDB env vars are used to allow Appwrite server to connect to the MariaDB container.

Name Description
_APP_DB_HOST MariaDB server host name address. Default value is: 'mariadb'
_APP_DB_PORT MariaDB server TCP port. Default value is: '3306'
_APP_DB_USER MariaDB server user name. Default value is: 'root'
_APP_DB_PASS MariaDB server user password. Default value is: 'password'
_APP_DB_SCHEMA MariaDB server database schema. Default value is: 'appwrite'

InfluxDB Server

Appwrite uses an InfluxDB server for managing time-series data and server stats. The InfluxDB env vars are used to allow Appwrite server to connect to the InfluxDB container.

Name Description
_APP_INFLUXDB_HOST InfluxDB server host name address. Default value is: 'influxdb'
_APP_INFLUXDB_PORT InfluxDB server TCP port. Default value is: '8086'

StatsD Server

Appwrite uses a StatsD server for aggregating and sending stats data over a fast UDP connection. The StatsD env vars are used to allow Appwrite server to connect to the StatsD container.

Name Description
_APP_STATSD_HOST StatsD server host name address. Default value is: 'telegraf'
_APP_STATSD_PORT StatsD server TCP port. Default value is: '8125'

SMTP Server

Appwrite is using an SMTP server for emailing your projects users and server admins. The SMTP env vars are used to allow Appwrite server to connect to the SMTP container.

If running in production, it might be easier to use a 3rd party SMTP server as it might be a little more difficult to set up a production SMTP server that will not send all your emails into your user's SPAM folder.

Name Description
_APP_SMTP_HOST SMTP server host name address. Default value is: 'smtp'. Pass an empty string to disable all mail sending from the server.
_APP_SMTP_PORT SMTP server TCP port. Default value is: '25'
_APP_SMTP_SECURE SMTP secure connection protocol. Empty by default, change to 'tls' if running on a secure connection.
_APP_SMTP_USERNAME SMTP server user name. Empty by default.
_APP_SMTP_PASSWORD SMTP server user password. Empty by default.

Storage

Name Description
_APP_STORAGE_LIMIT

version >= 0.7

Maximun file size allowed for file upload. The default value is 10MB limitation. You should pass your size limit value in bytes.
_APP_STORAGE_ANTIVIRUS This variable allows you to disable the internal anti-virus scans. This value is set to 'enabled' by default, to cancel the scans set the value to 'disabled'. When disabled, it's recommended to turn off the ClamAV container for better resource usage.

Functions

Name Description
_APP_FUNCTIONS_TIMEOUT

version >= 0.7

The maximum number of seconds allowed as a timeout value when creating a new function. The default value is 900 seconds.
_APP_FUNCTIONS_CONTAINERS

version >= 0.7

The maximum number of containers Appwrite is allowed to keep alive in the background for function environments. Running containers allow faster execution time as there is no need to recreate each container every time a function gets executed. The default value is 10.

System Settings

Name Description
_APP_SYSTEM_EMAIL_NAME This is the sender name value that will appear on email messages sent to developers from the Appwrite console. The default value is: 'Appwrite Team'. You can use url encoded strings for spaces and special chars.
_APP_SYSTEM_EMAIL_ADDRESS This is the sender email address that will appear on email messages sent to developers from the Appwrite console. The default value is 'team@appwrite.io'. You should choose an email address that is allowed to be used from your SMTP server to avoid the server email ending in the users' SPAM folders.